Mewaspadai Secondary Traumatic Stress Saat Memberi Pelayanan Konseling

Amirah Diniaty(1),
(1) Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia  Indonesia

Corresponding Author


Full Text:    Language : en


Not infrequently counselor faced with complicated problems and traumatic outstanding experienced by the client. According to Figley and Stamm (in Stamm, 1999), a trauma counselor can come to experience some of the symptoms are similar to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), which is owned by their clients. Figley (in Richardson, 2001) defines this situation with Secondary Traumatic Stress (hereinafter referred to as STS), which is something that occurs naturally, is a behavioral and emotional consequences as a result of knowledge about a traumatic event experienced by a significant other. The term 'secondary' refers to the fact that the trauma experienced by others, but then experienced by the participating parties observe, giving aid, or listen to the story (Sidabutar, 2003). This is the "price" of giving attention, care, and help individuals who experience trauma. Counselors need to be aware of this condition. Discussion professional is one important activity that needs to be done.


Konselor; Secondary Traumatic Stress; Konseling; Klien


Baird,S., Jenkins, S.R. (2003). Vicarious Traumatization, Secondary Traumatic Stress, and Burnout in Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence Agency Staff. Journal Violence and Victims, vol. 18, 71-85.

Birck, A. (2001). Secondary Traumatization and Burnout in Professional Working with Torture Survivors. Traumatology, vol. 7, 1-4.

Cornille, T.A. & Meyers, T.W. (1999). STS Among Child Protective Service Workers: Prevalence, Severity and Predictive Factors. Traumatology, vol. 2, 71-93.

Courtois,C.A. (1993). Vicarious Traumatization of The Therapist. NCP Clinical Newsletter 3, 2.

Depdikbud dan P3KG .(1996). Petunjuk Penyelenggaraan Musyawarah Guru Pembimbing. Jakarta: Depdikbud

Flora Rheta Schreiber. (1984). Sybil Kisah Nyata Seorang gadis dengan 16 Kepribadian (terjemahan oleh: Sarlito W. Sarwono). Jakarta: PT. Sinar Agape press.

Figley, C.R. (1995). Compassion Fatique : An Introduction. Advanced Intervention Methods. Florida State University Traumatology Institute.

Figley, C.R. & Stamm, B.H. (1996). Psychometric Review of Compassion Fatique Self Test. Available at

Hesse, A.R. (2002). Secondary Trauma : How Working with Trauma Survivors Affects Therapists. Clinical Social Work Journal, vol 30, 293 – 310.

Jenkins, S.R., Baird, S. (2002). Secondary Traumatic Stress and Vicarious Trauma : A Validational Study. Journal of Traumatic Stress, vol. 5, 423 – 432.

Lonergan, B.A. (1999). The Development of Trauma Therapist : A Qualitative Studi of the Therapist’s Perspectives and Experiences. Colorado : Counselling Psychology.

Mc.Cann, I.L & Saakvitne, K.W. (1995). Treating Therapists with Vicarious Traumatization and Secondary Traumatic Stress Disorder. Dalam C.R. Fifley (Ed), Compassion Fatique : Secondary Traumatic Stress Disorder from Treating the Traumatized. New York : Brunner/ Mazel, Publishers.

Pickett,G.Y. (1998). Therapist in Distress : An Integrative Look at Burnout, Secondary Traumatic Stress and Vicarious Traumatization. Dissertation. University of Missouri-St. Louis.

Richardson, J.I. (2001). Guidebook on Vicarious trauma : Recommended Solutions for Anti-Violence Worker. Canada : Family Violence Prevention Unit.

Rudolph, J.M., Stamm, B.H., Stamm, H.E. (1997). Compassion Fatique : A Concern for Mental Health Policy, Providers, & Administration. Poster at the 13th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, Montreal, PQ,CA.

Samuel T. Gladding. (2012). Konseling : Profesi yang menyeluruh. Jakarta: PT. Indeks.

Schauben, L., & Frazier, P. (1995). Vicarious trauma the effects on female counselors of working with sexual violence survivors. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 19, 49-64.

Sexton, L. (1999). Vicarious Traumatisation of Counsellors and Effects on Their Workpaces. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 27, 3, 393 – 403.

Sidabutar. S.I.E., Dharmawan. L.I., Poerwandari, K., Nurhaya,N. (2003). Pemulihan Psikososial Berbasis Komunitas. Refleksi Untuk Konteks Indonesia. Jakarta : Kontras.

Stamm, B.H. (1999). Secondary Traumatic Stress. Self Care Issues for Clinicians, Researchers & Educators. MD : Sidran Press.

Steed, L.G. & Bicknell (2001). Trauma and Therapist : The Experience of Therapist Working with the Perpetrator of Sexual Abuse. The Australian Journal of Disaster & Trauma Studies, 1.

Steed, L.G. & Downing, R. (1998). A Phenomenological Studi of VT Amongst Psychologist and Professional Counsellor Working in The Field of Sexual Abuse/ Assault. The Australian Journal of Disaster & Trauma Studies.

Wibe, R.L. (2001). The Influence of Personal Meaning on Vicarious Traumatization in Therapist. Thesis : Trinity Western University.

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 876 times
 PDF Downloaded : 258 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.